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Re: [ITPOLITIK] W3c og Eolas



Erik Josefsson wrote:
>> Det er vigtigt at sprede rapporten, hvilket forudsætter at vi formidler
>> hvorfor en amerikansk rapport om softwarepatenter er relevant i Europa.
>> Dvs. hvorfor kommissionens direktiv ville lede til US praksis.
> Er det ikke ret simpelt?

Hvis en politiker tror at EPOs praksis er begrænset (og at kommissionen
vil begrænse den endnu mere) iforhold til USPTO, så vil de jo bare sige
at FTC rapporten viser hvor slemt det går i USA, så vi må sørge for at
få direktivet igennem.

> Med Kommissionens nye ofindelsebegreb er jo alt
> hvad en computer laver som körer et program en opfindelse?
> Og hvad en computer lave er jo vanligtvis "useful"?

Det er derfor vigtigt at formidle at "teknisk bidrag" i EPO
praksis = nyttige og håndgribelige effekter. Og at forskellen
mellem EPO og USPTO praksis er retorisk og ikke faktuel.

Så kan vi så kræve at FTC rapporten bruges som et økonomisk
benchmark, dvs. vil ændringer af parlamentets direktivtekst 
øge eller reducere problemerne der nævnes i FTC raportens
softwarepatent konklusion:

The software and Internet industries generally are characterized by five 
factors: (1) innovation occurs on a cumulative basis; (2) capital costs are 
low, particularly relative to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology and hardware 
industries; (3) the rate of technological change is rapid, and product life 
cycles are short; (4) alternative means of fostering innovation exist, 
including copyright protection and open source software; and (5) the 
industries have experienced a regime change in terms of the availability of 
patent protection.

Panelists consistently stated that competition drives innovation in these 
industries. Innovation is also fostered by some industry participants  use 
of 
copyright protection or open source software. Several panelists discounted 
the value of patent disclosures, because the disclosure of a software 
product 
s underlying source code is not required.

Many panelists and participants expressed the view that software and 
Internet 
patents are impeding innovation. They stated that such patents are impairing 
follow-on incentives, increasing entry barriers, creating uncertainty that 
harms incentives to invest in innovation, and producing patent thickets. 
Panelists discussed how defensive patenting increases the complexity of 
patent thickets and forces companies to divert resources from R&D into 
obtaining patents. Commentators noted that patent thickets make it more 
difficult to commercialize new products and raise uncertainty and investment 
risks. Some panelists also noted that hold-up has become a problem that can 
result in higher prices being passed along to consumers.


-- 
          Mvh. Carsten Svaneborg
       http://www.softwarepatenter.dk
 hvor fremtidens idemonopoler bekæmpes idag.


 
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